Some Problems in Epistemology

0. Introduction
First, what epistemology means in the modern English language dictionary:
Epistemology: Noun
1. the theory of knowledge, esp the critical study of its validity, methods, and scope
2. a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge.
Word Origin: from Greek epistēmē knowledge
In effect, epistemology means how we know what we know.
That's obviously an important matter.
Because what we think we know, or believe to be true, may be false, or half-truth, three-quarter truth, or even a big lie wrapped in plausible sounding statements that are vicariously believed to be true (through popular literature, movies, newsmedia, appeal to celebrities and authority figures, cultural beliefs, myths, pseudo science, and hubris such as ingrained superiority complex and exceptionalism, and its converse, inferiority complex and learned helplessness).
Our thinking and our beliefs, just like our subconscious fears and anxieties, largely determine our behavior. And those who can control our beliefs and our thinking, or can exercise our fears and anxieties, can control our behavior. Therefore, understanding the epistemology of every domain of human endeavor, from the hard sciences to the social sciences, and from politics to religion, is not only an important matter, but also a fundamental matter for getting to understand reality the way it actually is. This is equally important for the arts and humanities, because art often imitates life and becomes the expression of the vicariously held belief system. It naturally leads to life imitating art, and the two reinforce each other in a self-fulfilling prophecy to form the larger cultural belief system.
So let's examine some of the problems encountered in epistemology. We begin with those that are fundamental to human beings that hinder the understanding of reality, and make our way towards those that are fundamental to reality itself.







Some Problems in Epistemology By Zahir Ebrahim | Project Humanbeingsfirst.org





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